Compliance Corner: The Facts about a Serious Marine Incident – Part 2

Basic Requirements SMI Drug Testing

Drug testing must be completed within 32 hours following a serious marine incident; if the drug test specimens cannot be collected within 32 hours, vessels must have onboard a sufficient number of urine-specimen collection kits and chain-of-custody forms meeting the requirements of 49 CFR Part 40 that are readily accessible for use following a serious marine incident (46 CFR Part 4, Section 4.06-20).

Urine drug test specimen collections can only be conducted by personnel trained in DOT specimen collection procedures and that are currently qualified in accordance with 49 CFR part 40 to collect these specimens. All drug tests have to be collected in accordance with the requirements given in 49 CFR part 40.

All drug tests have to be sent to a laboratory that is accredited by the US Department of Health and Human Services for Federal Agency Workplace drug testing. The use of on-site testing devices or other types or forms of drug testing is not allowed in accordance with US Coast Guard regulations.

Arrangements for drug test collection can be made through a port agent or another agent of the marine employer. This does not negate the 32 hour requirement but does assist in meeting the drug test requirements.

If it is determined that a vessel is not in compliance, that vessel/marine employer is subject to civil penalty action. See more…

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